Ethiopia conducted Fast HIV test kit assessment as part of its effort to end HIV prevalence rate by the end of 2030, the Ministry of Health said.
Particularly, as a gate for all HIV prevention and treatment tasks, the incumbent is working on the First 90, the idea that 90 percent of people who are HIV infected will be diagnosed.
All the kits available in the market have their own limitations in identifying the virus species. The main objective of the assessment is filling the gap created and enabling the existing transitional algorithm keeps international standard. Accordingly, the assessment took place as per WHO principles, said Health Minister Prof. Yifru Birhane said.
The Ethiopian Public Health Institute Scientific Ethical Review Office has also evaluated, endorsed and facilitated preconditions to begin the survey. Hence, 500 blood samples have been collected from Ethiopia and other countries for the survey, Institute Director-General, Dr. Ebba Abate.
According to WHO guidelines, such a survey needs 500 samples to get acceptance. In line with this, 200 antibodies that contain HIV and 300 HIV free antibody samples were organized, Dr. Ebba added.
He also said that in a bid to participate enormous organizations and make the process transparent, the Ethiopian Public Health Institute invited interested suppliers, who have a capacity of delivering test kits to conduct 800 examinations.
As a result, while 200 HIV containing antibodies samples had shown sensitivity, the 300 HIV free antibodies also showed specificity.
After conducting in-depth laboratory analysis, four out of the seven kits, fit with WHO standard and got acceptance.
Accordingly, Vikia HIV 1/2 (BioMeneux), Abon HIV 1/2/0 (Abone Biopharm),SD Bioline HIV ½ 3.0 (Standard Diagnostics) and HIV ½ Stat-pak (Chembio) have shown equivalent capacity in detecting HIV antibodies.
Of seven kits, in one or more than one quality assurance standards, three of them are not able to fit with the standard set by WHO, he remarked.
Therefore, the task force drawn from national and international organizations has passed decision.
Accordingly, Abon HIV 1/2/0 (Abon Biopharm),SD Bioline HIV 1/2 3.0 (standard diagnostic) and HIV ½ Stat-Pak (Chemibio) have got acceptance and resolution passed to include them in the algorithm.
And the task force also decided that all the proposed kits can serve as test kits to conduct primary, secondary and tertiary HIV test. Concerning, the price difference, it is decided to set it in the purchasing process.
And after the kits ranked one to three, the remaining test kits would be retain for future use. in case of emergency, if the supplier stops production or WHO rejects the recognition given to the supplier.
So far, due to various reasons, Ethiopia has conducted fast HIV test kits algorithm survey two times alone.