5 March 2018

Africa: 3 Ways to Make Trade in Africa More Inclusive

Photo: Addis Fortune
Pile of containers at Modjo Dry Port, which has a capacity of holding 14,500 containers at once.
analysis

Against a backdrop of rising nationalist protectionism in some parts of the world, we recently hosted a workshop to unpack regional integration and trade facilitation issues in Africa through a gender sensitive lens. The event was also an opportunity to share practical solutions to boosting inclusive trade and development.

Here are some of the policy recommendations made at the workshop:

Addressing Issues at the border

There must be targeted capacity building by tech officials to assist border officials in implementing automated customs systems. These initiatives should be prioritised at borders that link strategic cross-border infrastructure. It is also important that border procedures are translated into local languages to make cross-border trade more accessible. To ensure these changes are effective, there must clear delineation of which officials have authority over the different procedures.

Capacitating SME traders

NGOs and donors such as Aid for Trade should provide training programmes for new and emerging SMEs interested in engaging in cross-border trade, in order to improve competitiveness for international export, supported by enabling government policy. There needs to be a strong focus on sustainability standards, which are becoming increasingly important for products throughout the world and differ across countries. NGOs and donors should also assist in forming associations and cooperatives for small traders to build their capacity to negotiate and process paperwork at borders. They should also provide training in the use of digital technologies to help traders adapt to new customs procedures and decrease time spent at the border.

Enduring gender inclusivity in trade

It is important that government mandates supportive facilities for women, such as accommodation, childcare and cold storage at the border. Capacity support specific to potential women exporters is also needed. This should include programmes to support changing customs around land ownership, the creation of gender-responsive investment products such as gender/social impact bonds and debt and equity products with more concessionary terms. At a policy level, it is important for women's organisations as well as international partners such as UNCTAD and UNECA to apply pressure on governments to broaden the collection of ex-ante and ex-post gender disaggregated data. Regional economic communities should also develop regional frameworks and standards for gender benchmarking to measure this data. Gender should be included in FTA and value chain analyses, and ultimately in FTA provisions. To improve the effectiveness of these policies, governments should allocate budget for gender sensitive training in ministries.

See the full workshop report

Chelsea Markowitz is a researcher under the Economic Diplomacy Programme at the South African Institute of International Affairs.

More on This

Women-Friendly Trade - What Can Governments Do Better?

It's a familiar sight at border posts: women with baskets groaning under the weight of fresh produce, cheap manufactured… Read more »

See What Everyone is Watching

Copyright © 2018 South African Institute of International Affairs. All rights reserved. Distributed by AllAfrica Global Media (allAfrica.com). To contact the copyright holder directly for corrections — or for permission to republish or make other authorized use of this material, click here.

AllAfrica publishes around 600 reports a day from more than 140 news organizations and over 500 other institutions and individuals, representing a diversity of positions on every topic. We publish news and views ranging from vigorous opponents of governments to government publications and spokespersons. Publishers named above each report are responsible for their own content, which AllAfrica does not have the legal right to edit or correct.

Articles and commentaries that identify allAfrica.com as the publisher are produced or commissioned by AllAfrica. To address comments or complaints, please Contact us.