The coverage of the main vaccines offered through routine immunization has declined as 4.3 million children in Nigeria still miss vaccinations every year, the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), has said.
UNICEF stated that though Nigeria has made great strides in reducing deaths of under 5-year-old children from 158 to 120 per 1000 births between 2011 and 2016 but during the same period, vaccine immunization has declined.
The recent Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey conducted by the Government of Nigeria in 2016/17 shows that only 1 in 4 children in the country receive all the recommended vaccines. Immunization coverage for pentavalent vaccine between the 36 states varies dramatically from 80 per cent in Lagos to 3 per cent in Sokoto and is still below the recommended global goal of 90% in all of them.
Children who have never been vaccinated are at the greatest risk of contracting diseases such as measles, whooping cough, and tetanus, which may be fatal or lead to long-term debilitating effects on survivors.
Poverty,overcrowding, poor hygiene and sanitation as well as insufficient nutrition and healthcare increase the risk of diseases such as pneumonia and measles; diseases that are easily preventable with vaccines.
UNICEF representative in Nigeria, Muhammed Fall stated that all girls and boys, no matter where they live or what their situations are, have the right to survive and thrive, safe from deadly diseases adding that vaccination acts as a shield, keeping families and communities safe. "By vaccinating children, we are protecting the most vulnerable members of the communities."
He said millions of lives can be saved by extending basic health services, like routine immunization, to the most vulnerable and disadvantaged children. "In Nigeria, the Government has developed an ambitious 10-year national Immunisation and Primary Health Care Systems Strengthening Plan that aims to reverse the current negative trends.
Immunization is one of the most powerful and most cost-effective health interventions and its partners continues to stand firm with the Government to ensure that the lives of children are protected.