20 July 2018

Egypt: Sarcophagus Remains Not Those of Alexander the Great

Photo: Egypt Ministry of Antiquities
No Alexander the Great sarcophagus - just three skeletons, probably of warriors, found after opening of the black granite sarcophagus in Alexandria.

Many Egyptians feared that the opening of the sarcophagus, which some thought could contain the bones of Alexander the Great, would unleash a 1000-year curse. The Ancient Greek ruler died in 323 BC.

Hopes of finding the remains of Ancient Greek ruler Alexander the Great were lost on Thursday, when archaeologists opened a sarcophagus in Alexandria, Egypt. The coffin had been the largest ever found in the Mediterranean city, which had prompted theories and speculation about whether it might be his final resting place.

The 2,000-year-old black granite sealed sarcophagus had been found this month by workers on an apartment building construction site. The large coffin weighed 30 metric tons.

Alexander the Great died in 323 BC in Babylon and his remains have never been found.

Egypt's Ministry of Antiquities had previously dismissed the notion that Alexander's remains inside the sarcophagus.

Mostafa Waziri, secretary-general of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, attended the coffin opening. "We found the bones of three people, in what looks like a family burial... Unfortunately, the mummies inside were not in the best condition and only the bones remain," he said.

Waziri added that some of the remains had disintegrated, due to sewage water from a nearby building that had leaked in through a small crack in one of the sides of the tomb.

The opening of the long-sealed sarcophagus left many in Egypt fearful of the possibility that the act could unleash a 1,000-year curse. But Waziri was undeterred. "We've opened it and, thank God, the world has not fallen into darkness," the Antiquities minister said.

"I was the first to put my whole head inside the sarcophagus... and here I stand before you ... I am fine," he added.

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A flurry of archeological finds

The discovery of the burial vessel in Alexandria is the latest of several archaeological finds this year in Egypt, which include a 4,400-year-old tomb in Giza and an ancient necropolis in Minya, south of Cairo.

On Thursday, archeologists also discovered an ancient pottery manufacturing workshop in the southern province of Aswan, which also dated back to more than 4,000 years.

At the Aswan site, Archaeologists found an ancient pottery manufacturing wheel made of a limestone turntable and a hollow base.

Waziri said the discovery was "rare" and helps reveal more about the development of pottery manufacturing and the daily lives of ancient Egyptians during the Old Kingdom, which belongs to the 4th Dynasty, spanning 2613 to 2494 B.C. The Old Kingdom is a time period best-known pyramid building.

Still reeling from the political turmoil that followed the 2011 Arab Spring uprising, Egypt is hoping to revive tourism, once a major economic activity. In recent years, the Antiquities Ministry has focused on ancient discoveries in the hopes that promoting the country's rich history can help the battered tourist industry.

jcg/rc (AFP, reuters)

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