14 September 2018

Ethiopia: Violence Ahead of the Return of Ethiopia's Oromo Liberation Front Spark Concern

Ethiopia's reformist PM Abiy Ahmed has called for calm in the wake of clashes between rival groups on the streets of Addis Ababa, ahead of the return on the weekend of the exiled Oromo Liberation Front leadership.

The Oromo are Ethiopia's largest ethnic group. The return the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF) comes after the return of the Patriotic Ginbot 7 group under an amnesty Abiy granted to all armed groups, as part of the far-reaching reforms he has ushered in since taking office in April. Abiy himself is Oromo.

Most of the OLF leadership have been in exile across the border in Eritrea.

"Their supporters were trying to decorate the city with their flags - the OLF flag - to welcome them. The city dwellers and those from the outskirts - especially the youngsters - are not happy about that," Befekadu Hailu, a local blogger told DW.

Media reports said young men armed with sticks and stones and holding a flag favored by the Patriotic Ginbot 7 were involved in the scuffles on Thursday. Some Ethiopians on Twitter said gunshots rang out as security forces intervened.

In the aftermath of the violence, Abiy called for calm, saying: "We should not marginalize political parties coming from abroad."

Read more: A road to peace? Diplomatic ties strengthen in the Horn of Africa

'Rebels without a cause'

Police have since beefed up their presence in Addis Ababa, where such clashes are rare. Ethiopians have expressed concern and criticised those responsible for the violence at what is seen as a crucial time for the country.

On Twitter, acclaimed journalist Eskinder Nega dismissed those involved in the clashes "rebels without a cause."

Another Ethiopian user of the social media platform, Filmona Mengistu wrote: "What is this nonsense? There's no organized group or its representative that you talk with. The mob, both sides, doesn't listen to any political or otherwise elites and have any demands. It is just about feeling socially relevant. You were feeding its relevance, so deal with it."

Deep-rooted tensions

Befekadu told DW that the amnesty for armed groups was not premature and "had to be done."

"They rebelled because the system was repressive and it was difficult. So granting them amnesty was the right decision that the prime minister has done," he said.

Sporadic ethnic violence has continued in Ethiopia despite the dramatic political and economic transformation, that has included an unexpected end to Ethiopia's two-decade border war with Eritrea.

Ethiopia is no stranger to ethnic violence - with over 80 ethnic groups and Africa's second largest country based on population, it is extremely diverse.

Experts have warned that the deep-rooted tensions that frequently give rise to clashes have spiraled into a growing humanitarian crisis.

The clashes in Addis Ababa came days after Ethiopia and Eritrea withdrew troops and opened borders.

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