5 February 2019

Africa: New UN Deal With Data Mining Firm Palantir Raises Protection Concerns

Photo: WFP/Pia Facultad
World Food Programme chief information officer Enrica Porcari and Palantir executive vice president Josh Harris.

Geneva - CIA-linked software firm Palantir will help the UN's World Food Programme analyse its data in a new partnership worth $45 million, both organisations announced Tuesday, drawing immediate flak from privacy and data protection activists.

The California-based contractor, best known for its work in intelligence and immigration enforcement, will provide software and expertise to the UN's food relief agency over five years to help WFP pool its enormous amounts of data and find cost-saving efficiencies.

At a press conference in Geneva, WFP's chief information officer Enrica Porcari said the plan was to launch a data integration effort that would include records of distributions to beneficiaries but, she stressed, not personally identifiable data. "Can all the data pour into one lake?" she asked, rhetorically. The system would then, she explained, work like a bank whose algorithms flag unusual credit card activity, picking up "anomalies" in beneficiary locations and behaviour that might signal misuse.

In future, if multiple aid agencies connected to the WFP's SCOPE beneficiary management system and used it as the basis for recording what people received, a powerful overview could be achieved, Porcari said.

Palantir executive vice president Josh Harris said WFP's 92 million aid recipient "customers", its more than 30 data systems, and its difficult operating environment represented a "complex data landscape", but something his company's software was built for. The opportunity to provide support to WFP is a "dream combination" that fits "mission-driven" Palantir's philanthropic goals, Harris added.

Palantir has already worked with WFP on a pilot project on food procurement in Iraq that has produced over $26 million (or about 10 percent) in savings, the two organisations said.

Privacy and data protection activists cried foul at the new tie-up, questioning if WFP understood what it was getting itself into and if proper safeguards had been put in place.

"The recipients of WFP aid are already in extremely vulnerable situations; they should not be put at additional risk of harm or exploitation," a spokesperson for activist NGO Privacy International told IRIN. "This data is highly sensitive, and it is essential that proper protections are put in place, to limit the data gathered, transferred, and processed."

Asked for the legal basis for any data-sharing with Palantir, Porcari said: "there is no data-sharing". She insisted that all data instead would rest under WFP's control, with personal data being kept separate and secure.

But Privacy International, which recently analysed the (unintended) risks of humanitarian data misuse, warned: "We've seen examples of systems that are produced in agreements such as the one between WFP and Palantir increasing risks to the people the systems are aiming to benefit. There are risks to both individuals and whole populations from the gathering and processing of data from humanitarian activities."

A humanitarian data analyst, who requested anonymity due to work relationships, was also alarmed at the news, saying: "WFP is jumping headlong into something they don't understand, without thinking through the consequences, and the UN has put no frameworks in place to regulate it."

Palantir was established with the help of seed capital from a CIA-linked investment body. Its main clients have been US security and intelligence bodies.

Its capacity to structure and overlay vast datasets has led it to be credited with helping the US government to find Osama bin Laden. However, its work with US police and, most recently, immigration enforcement, has come under fire for secrecy, profiling bias, enabling human rights violations, and the wholesale harvesting of personal data.

"It is the height of irony that the very company that faced direct criticism in its role facilitating US immigration authorities' human rights abuses is now promoting itself as trustworthy of working in humanitarian aid," the Privacy International spokesperson said.

From the 2013 Haiyan super-typhoon in the Philippines to the 2014-2016 Ebola outbreak in West Africa, Palantir has often sought opportunities to deploy its technology in the humanitarian arena.

Few analysts contacted by IRIN in this 2016 investigation doubted the software had powerful potential, but reputational concerns made a number of potential partners walk away, even when offered free access to Palantir products and software advisors.

Nevertheless, Palantir's pro-bono "Philanthropy Engineering" has provided support to numerous non-profits, including the Carter Center, Team Rubicon, the Enough Project, and the Rockefeller Foundation. The UN's nuclear watchdog, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), is a paying customer.

WFP has been working with Palantir since 2017 - a WFP spokesperson said an encounter at the World Economic Forum in 2015 kicked off the relationship. Gaining greater insight from a mountain of internal and external data with the help of Palantir's Foundry system has already led to cost savings and efficiencies, according to the Rome-based UN agency.

A starting point for the Palantir work inside WFP was Optimus. According to a recent update from WFP, Optimus is an internal tool to help guide purchasing and other planning decisions, for example in Ethiopia or Yemen, to assign different commodities to make up a mixed basket of food for distribution depending on funding and seasonal market prices.

Poncari described WFP as being on a "very aggressive digital transformation journey" and said it had a "moral imperative" to leverage technology to achieve efficiencies. "We just want to go with the best," she told reporters.

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