Uganda: FDC Calls for Balance in Army Promotions

12 February 2019

Kampala — Uganda's main opposition party, the Forum for Democratic Change (FDC), has questioned the criteria used for promoting officers in Uganda People's Defence Forces (UPDF), citing imbalance.

Party President Patrick Amuriat said last week's massive promotion of more than 2,000 officers was not regionally representative, particularly at the top ranks, as dictated by the Constitution.

UPDF released names of only generals and is yet to publish those promoted in the lower ranks.

"As a party, we observe that there was a lot of illegality involved in these promotions, there was violation of articles of the Constitution that calls for the army and promotions therein to be of a national character," said Mr Amuriat.

Article 208(2) provides that the UPDF shall be "non-partisan, national in character, patriotic, professional, disciplined, productive and subordinate to the civilian authority." Addressing a press conference yesterday at FDC headquarters in Najjanankumbi, outside Kampala, Mr Amuriat asked President Museveni, as the Commander-in-Chief, to correct the alleged imbalance.

Brig Richard Karemire, the UPDF spokesperson, dismissed the claims and said the army does not entertain political commentators with "sectarian tendencies."

"What is primary to us as UPDF is that all our personnel are Ugandans, and we also do not welcome political commentators who have got sectarian tendencies," he told this newspaper in a rejoinder to claims by the Opposition leader.

The army said 100 of those promoted last week were recommended by formations/units, 372 passed promotional examinations, 27 completed probation and 171 moved up from other ranks to officer level.

Joram Mugume and Ivan Koreta, who alternately served as deputy chief of defence forces in the past, were elevated to full four-star generals, 10 officers among them first son Muhoozi Kainerugaba, became lieutenant generals while 18 and 38 others were promoted to major general and brigadier, respectively.


Under the UPDF Act, promotion of officers is done on recommendation by the Commissions Board chaired by the Chief of Defence Forces. The decision is based, among others, on establishment of the Defence Forces; one's length of service and age; training or courses undertaken; performance in promotional examinations; appointment; and, confidential report by a commander on an officer's discipline, performance and character.


1. LT Gen Ivan Koreta - Gen

2. Lt Gen Joram Mugume - Gen

3. Maj Gen Pecos Kuteesa - Lt Gen

4. Maj Gen John Mugume - Lt Gen

5. Maj Gen Prossy Nalweyiso - Lt Gen

6. Maj Gen Charles Awany Otema Lt Gen

7. Maj Gen James Nakibus Lakara Lt Gen

8. Maj Gen Peter Elwelu - Lt Gen

9. Maj Gen James Mugira - Lt Gen

10. Maj Gen Joseph B Musanyufu Lt Gen

11. Maj Gen Charles Lutaaya - Lt Gen

12. Maj Gen Muhoozi Kainerugaba Lt Gen

13. Brig Joram Kakari Tumwine - Maj Gen

14. Brig Elly Kayanja - Maj Gen

15. Brig Eric Mukasa - Maj Gen

16. Brig B. K Nyamunywanisa - Maj Gen

17. Brig Sam Kiwanuka - Maj Gen

18. Brig Dr Ambrose K Musinguzi Maj Gen

19. Brig Samuel Kawagga - Maj Gen

20. Brig Joseph Arocha - Maj Gen

21. Brig John Lorot - Maj Gen

22. Brig Apollo Kasiita Gowa - Maj Gen

23. Brig Paul Lokech - Maj Gen

24. Brig Leopold Eric Kyanda - Maj Gen

25. Brig Birungi James Mugabe - Maj Gen

26. Brig Don William Nabasa - Maj Gen

27. Brig Stephen Muzeyi Sabiiti - Maj Gen

28. Brig Samuel Wasswa - Maj Gen

29. Brig Jim Willis Byarugaba - Maj Gen

30. Brig Timothy Sabiiti - Maj Gen

31. Col Moses S Lukyamuzi - Brig Gen

32. Col John M Kaganda - Brig Gen

33. Col Charles R Tusiime - Brig Gen

34. Col Fenekansi Mugyenyi - Brig Gen

35. Col Frank Kanyarutokye - Brig Gen

36. Col Adolf Serwada - Brig Gen

37. Col John C Anywar - Brig Gen

38. Col Jackson Bell - Brig Gen

39. Col Dr Kenneth Ocen Obwot - Brig Gen

40. Col Sam Omara - Brig Gen

41. Col Emmy Mulindwa - Brig Gen

42. Col Stephen Mugerwa - Brig Gen

43. Col Johnson Muma - Brig Gen

44. Col Frank Kyambadde - Brig Gen

45. Col Moses Kwikiriza - Brig Gen

46. Col Ceaser Innocent Bahwezi Brig Gen

47. Col William Beinomugisha - Brig Gen

48. Col James Kaija - Brig Gen

49. Col Godwin Karugaba - Brig Gen

50. Col Fred M Karara - Brig Gen

51. Col Fred Rugadya Akiiki - Brig Gen

52. Col Bonny Bamwiseki - Brig Gen

53. Col Ronald S Bigirwa - Brig Gen

54. Col Joseph Balikudembe - Brig Gen

55. Col David B Isimbwa- Brig Gen

56. Col Felix Kulaigye - Brig Gen

57. Col Wilson Muhabuzi - Brig Gen

58. Col Dr James Kiyengo - Brig Gen

59. Col Dr Stephen Kusasira - Brig Gen

60. Col Bob Paciesky Ogiki - Brig Gen

61. Col Peter Gaitan Omola - Brig Gen

62. Col Julius Biryabarema - Brig Gen

63. Col Flavia Byekwaso - Brig Gen

64. Col Dr Shilling E Tibayungwa-Brig Gen

65. Col Johnson Namanya - Brig Gen

66. Col Dr Patrick Ogwok Ogen - Brig Gen

67. Col Daniel Mugumya Kakono -Brig Gen

68. Col Godfrey Mujuni - Brig Gen

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