Kenya's public debt increased by Sh233.5 billion between July and December last year, hitting a total of Sh5.273 trillion up from Sh5.039 trillion six months earlier.
Latest debt data published by Central Bank of Kenya (CBK) shows external loans went up by Sh163.5 billion in the period, significantly outpacing the Sh70 billion increase in domestic debt.
"Kenya's public and publicly guaranteed debt was Sh5.273 trillion (tentatively 56.6 percent of GDP) as at end December 2018. This comprised Sh2.549 trillion in domestic debt and Sh2.724 trillion in external debt," said CBK in its latest weekly bulletin. The quick build-up of Kenya's debt has raised questions over its sustainability, especially on the external bit which must be repaid in dollars and other foreign currencies.
The government plans to have borrowed a net of Sh321.5 billion from external lenders by the end of the current financial year ending June, Treasury documents show, from a mix of commercial loans (Eurobond and syndicated loans) and project loans from bilateral and multilateral lenders.
The net debt raised so far is mainly from the non-commercial project lenders, many of who have existing signed agreements with the government for debt that are only awaiting draw-down at the start of projects.
The government is in the market for a new Eurobond issue, expected at Sh250 billion, which will partly cover the deficit and provide funds to roll over existing debt. The Treasury has budgeted for external debt repayments of Sh251.4 billion for the current financial year.
The Treasury has had difficulties raising new debt on the domestic front, especially in the six months to December 2018, as investors shied away from the bonds market due to the long tenor of securities the government was floating.
The investors were instead looking for short-term papers that would sail them through a period of uncertainty over interest rates. CBK was also actively rejecting bids it deemed over-priced to avoid distorting the yield curve for government securities.
The amounts the government is raising from the domestic market have, however, gone up significantly since the beginning of this year.
A liquid market and the issuance of a short-term bond in January saw investors flock to the market, offering up to Sh101 billion in bids on the two and 15-year bond that sought Sh40 billion.
CBK has also been taking up more money on the short-term treasury bills market, partly due to the need to roll over heavy maturities but also to close the gap on the domestic borrowing target that stands at a net of Sh310.1 billion for the fiscal year.