Nigeria: Ways to Lower Cancer Risks

Ways to avoid noncommunicable diseases.
9 February 2019

It is the world's leading cause of death, but about one in three cases can be prevented, according to the World Health Organization. There's no magic pill to keep you from getting cancer, but you can do some things to improve your odds.

Drop the weight

If you are overweight, those extra pounds drive up your chances of several types of cancer, including in your oesophagus, pancreas, colon, kidneys, and thyroid gland. With fewer people smoking, obesity may pass tobacco as the top preventable cause of cancer.

Avoid smoking

Do you smoke? It causes various kinds of cancer, as well as heart and lung disease. Though the share of those who light up regularly has dropped from more than 40 per cent in the 1960s to about 15 per cent, tobacco is still the No. 1 cause of preventable death in worldwide.

Eat more vegetables

Vegetables and fruits can help stave off a range of cancers in your mouth, throat, windpipe, and oesophagus. These foods have things that help your cells prevent damage that may lead to cancer later. You should get at least 2 1/2 cups of fruits and vegetables a day.

Get screened

The sooner the warning signs of cancer are spotted, the better your odds of recovery. A variety of tests can check for different types, like breast, colon, prostate, or skin. Ask your doctor which of these screenings you should get, and when.

Eat less red meat

Along with cured meats like bacon, hot dogs, and lunchmeat, this has been linked to a higher risk of colon and stomach cancers. The American Institute for Cancer Research recommends no more than 18 ounces of these a week, or a little over a pound.

Don't count on supplements

A diet rich in vegetables, fruits, and whole grains is a better bet than nutritional supplements to lower your risk of cancer. Supplements do not give you the same benefits as whole foods, and they can throw off the balance of other nutrients in your body. Supplements may help with certain conditions, but do not bet on them to prevent cancer.

Cut down on sugar

Foods or drinks with a lot of sugar tend to have more calories per ounce. If you have them often, you are more likely to take in more calories than you burn in a day. That can make you gain weight- and possibly increase your risk of cancer. You do not have to skip the sugar entirely, but keep an eye out for things with added sweeteners.

Exercise is important

People who exercise are less likely to get cancer of the colon, breast, or uterus. When you're up and moving around, your body uses more energy, digests food faster, and prevents a buildup of some hormones that are linked to cancer. Being active also can help head off other health problems like heart disease or diabetes.

Avoid excessive drinking

Drinking too much alcohol can raise your risk of cancers of the digestive system- your stomach, liver, and colon, among others- as well as breast and throat cancer. It can hurt tissues in your body, damage your liver and mix with other chemicals to harm your cells. Men should not have more than two drinks a day, and women should limit it to one.

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