Nigeria Accounts for Highest Burden of Measles Globally, Says WHO

Measles vaccination.
20 March 2019

Maiduguri — The World Health Organisation (WHO) has lamented that Nigeria accounts for the highest case of measles on the globe.

The Borno State Coordinator of WHO, Dr. Audu Idowu, was quoted in a statement on Wednesday to have said: "Despite the availability of safe and effective vaccines, Nigeria accounts for the highest burden of measles globally, with 3.3 million unimmunised children."

The statement signed by Eva Hinds, a Communication Specialist with United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), said in order to tackle the growing cases of measles, the Nigerian Government is working in collaboration with UNICEF and WHO.

The statement read in part: "Following a growing number of reported cases of measles, the Government of Nigeria, in collaboration with the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and World Health Organisation (WHO), will conduct a vaccination campaign in Borno to protect 1.7 million children aged 6 months to 10 years against measles."

The statement disclosed that the campaign will run from 21 - 25 March 2019.

The statement quoting Babagana Adiso, Director of Disease Control in the Borno State Primary Health Care Agency, said: "Immunisation remains one of the most effective ways to protect children from killer diseases. This campaign gives us the opportunity to protect the lives of children at risk of missing out on routine immunisation in Borno."

The statement said the Nigeria 2017 Demographic Health Survey revealed that only 65 per cent of eligible Nigerian children receive their first dose of measles vaccine every year, lamenting that in Borno, this low coverage has led to the deaths of at least 13 children in the current measles outbreak.

It insisted that routine vaccination for children, combined with mass immunisation campaigns, remains a key public health strategy to reduce measles deaths.

"UNICEF will continue to support the Government of Nigeria to reach every child with the measles vaccine. I therefore urge everyone to ensure that all eligible children access the vaccine during the campaign period," UNICEF Borno Chief of Field Office Geoffrey Ijumba was quoted to have said.

Measles remains one of the most contagious infections known to humans and ranks among the top four childhood killers worldwide.

The statement said measles vaccine will be administered free-of-charge in all mosques, villages, IDP camps and health facilities, targeting all children under the age of 10 in high-risk areas of Borno, irrespective of their previous measles vaccination status or history of disease.

It also revealed that the campaign will be implemented in two phases. The first phase will take place in Maiduguri Metropolitan Local Government Authority (LGA) in Borno from 21 - 25 March and includes the most affected and at-risk areas as well as accessible settlements. The second phase, to take place later in the year, will cover the remaining 12 local government areas.

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