Late and erratic rains during Somalia's 2019 Gu cropping season (April-June) coupled with low river levels have led to the poorest cereal harvest since the 2011 famine and threaten an already fragile food security situation in the country.
According to the 2019 Post-Gu' data gathered by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU) and Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWSNET), cereal production was up to 70 per cent below average in southern for the Gu' 2019 cropping season. The resulting shortfall is linked to abnormally high prices of sorghum observed throughout the season. Today's Post-Gu 2019 Technical Release indicates that, in the absence of humanitarian assistance, up to 2.1 million people across Somalia face severe hunger through December 2019, binging the total number of Somalis expected to be food insecure by year's end to 6.3 million.
Climatic shocks coupled with widespread poverty and vulnerability are key drivers that have trapped millions of Somali's in severe hunger (IPC phase 3, "crisis" and IPC phase 4, "emergency") and malnutrition.
An estimated 2.6 million people remain internally displaced across the country, either scattered among host communities in rural areas or living in formal and informal settlements on the outskirts of urban centres. Widespread malnutrition persists across the country and 1 million children are projected to be acutely malnourished over the next year, including 180,000 who are likely to be severely malnourished--if interventions are not scaled up.
Climatic shocks exacerbate needs. However, these shocks do not have to lead to a large-scale catastrophe. We must continue to work collectively to strengthen the capacity of Somalia to withstand these climatic shocks and identify durable solutions. As we collectively advocate for and respond to urgent and acute humanitarian need, we must continue to invest in efforts to identify durable solutions." said Hamza Said Hamza, Minister of Humanitarian Affairs and Disaster Management, Federal Government of Somalia.
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However, rains will likely cause flooding along the country's main Juba and Shabelle rivers which can seriously damage crops and affect cereal production. Against this backdrop, the humanitarian operation for Somalia remains under-funded with the 2019 Humanitarian Response Plan so far received US$ 487 million-less than half the requirement. The Federal Government and humanitarian community launched a Drought Impact Response Plan (DIRP) that covers the months June through December 2019.
"I thank the donor community for the swift support for the DIRP, which enabled humanitarian agencies to scale-up response and keep 1 million people out of acute food insecurity through September 2019. However, the DIRP is currently just under 50 per cent funded and without additional resources and sustained collective response, 2.1 million people will face severe food insecurity through December. Humanitarian partners stand ready to respond, but they cannot do so without sufficient resources.