Oromia Regional State has launched a project to upgrade infrastructure facilities of major towns with a total budget of 1.2 billion Br.
Implemented by the Oromia Urban Development & Housing Bureau, the Urban Infrastructure & Institutional Development Programme will be implemented in 38 towns. The World Bank will finance 40pc of the total cost of the project, while the rest is covered by the regional government and the administrations of the towns.
Installation of a 698Km electric line, construction of a 796Km gravel road, 483 public toilets, 200Km of cobblestone roads, sheds for small and micro-enterprises and 679Km of ditch work are the major features of the project.
The programme aims at strengthening the capacity of urban institutions to implement the recommendations of studies on urban development issues. Its basic aim is also to improve institutional performance of the local governments to effectively deliver their broader objectives, according to a document of the programme, which directly supports the government and forms a core part of the existing intergovernmental fiscal architecture.
The level of population and the towns having councils are the criteria by which the towns are selected for the implementation of the project, according to Tesfaye Temesgen, communications team leader at the Housing Bureau.
Expected to be fully completed in five years, the Regional State provides the budget on a yearly basis. The projects, which are divided by lots, are implemented by small and micro-enterprises and the maximum cost to develop a lot is 10 million Br.
"The project aims to motivate trade, create cities that are suitable for investment and living, enhance citizen participation and engagement in local government planning and budgeting, and improve infrastructure and service delivery," said Tesfaye.
The administrations of each town are responsible for floating tenders to hire companies for the implementation of the programme. Last year the programme created job opportunities for 25,292 people in the Regional State.
The first round of the project was executed 12 years ago in Adama, Bishoftu, Shashmene and Jimma. In 2012, the second round was implemented in Nekempt, Asella, Sebeta, Burayu, Ambo, Bale Robe and Battu, increasing the number of towns to 11 and benefiting 1.5 million people.
Oromia Urban Development & Housing Bureau, which has 155 employees, began the construction of homes 13 years ago in 16 towns of the region and built 21,000 condominium houses, which have benefited 88,000 people.
Urbanization Review shows that in Ethiopia the urbanisation rate increases at about 5.4pc a year.
Aziza Abdulfetah, lecturer and chairperson of landscape architecture at the Ethiopian Institute of Architecture, appreciates the project.
These kinds of programmes help to enhance the towns and the lives of people in them, according to her, but she adds that they have to consider a long-term plan during the implementation.
"Unplanned urbanisation increases challenges on cities by limiting them to provide basic infrastructure and turning them into unattractive places," she said, "but the implementation of the project will help save time and money and improve the quality of life."