The winner is expected to be announced in the coming two weeks
Two international companies gave the lowest offer of a combined 24.5 million dollars to supply 80,000tn of wheat for the fourth phase of the Productive Safety Net Programme.
Hakan Agro DMCC and Promising International offered the lower prices for the wheat that will be stored in Dire Dawa, Adama and Kombolcha. The winner is expected to be announced in two weeks time.
The companies bid to supply wheat in the programme in three lots classified according to where they will be stored before being disbursed into the market. While 30,000tn of grain will be stored in Kombolcha, 24,000tn and 26,000tn will be stored in Dire Dawa and Adama, respectively.
The tender was opened on November 26, 2019, by the Public Procurement & Property Disposal Services, on behalf of the Ministry of Agriculture. While nine companies showed interest in supplying the wheat, only three, including Gemcorp Commodities Trading, submitted their financial offers.
Promising, established in 2007 and actively working in Ethiopia, Dubai, Ukraine, Syria, Egypt and Tunisia, gave the lowest offer of 312.25 dollars and 297.25 dollars for a tonne of wheat to be stored in Adama and Dire Dawa, respectively.
For wheat to be stored in Kombolcha, Hakan, a United Arab Emirates (UAE) firm that specializes in supply chain management, made the lowest offer of 307.30 dollars for a tonne of the grain.
The winner is expected to be announced in the middle of this month, while the wheat is expected to arrive after 45 days from the opening of the letter of credit.
The procurement of the wheat is financed by the World Bank under its Productive Safety Net Programme, which is designed to elevate chronic food insecurity facing rural areas. The programme, which reaches over eight million people across the country, was started in 2005 in Ethiopia.
The government also procures millions of tonnes of wheat every year to stabilise the market. In the last fiscal year, the government procured 1.7 million tonnes of wheat from four international companies on behalf of the Ethiopian Business Corporation, the Ministry of Agriculture and the National Disaster Risk Management Commission. It cost the nation 11.1 billion Br.
This is despite Ethiopia producing 4.5 million tonnes of wheat in the previous fiscal year, while the nation's annual consumption of the grain amounted to 6.3 million tonnes last year. Of this, 30pc to 35pc of the demand is covered through imports.
An expert in the sector believes that lack of proper policy on agriculture is the main challenge.
"Poor irrigation and farming systems dependent on rain cycles are factors that contribute to lesser production," said Messay Mulugeta (PhD), a food security and poverty reduction expert and an associate professor at Addis Abeba University's College of Development Studies.
Messay adds that the nation should not continue to import wheat but instead develop a policy that reconsiders the socioeconomic and environmental factors at play.