Luanda — A study on the coffee sector in Angola indicates that its underdevelopment is due to low levels of production mechanization, advanced age of plantations and poor post-harvest processing infrastructure.
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A debate on Angola's cofee sector attended by local and foreign experts.
The research outcome introduced on Wednesday by Angola's Development Bank (BDA) adds the lack of fertilizers, manpower, funding, research and analytical data on production as challenges for coffee production in Angola.
Despite the challenges, the study indicates as potential the good weather conditions, which enables to cultivate different types of coffee, such as robust and Arabica, as well as the existence of arable land where coffee can be cropped and generate employment.
The production costs of coffee in Angola presented in the research show that robust coffee costs around 146,000 kwanzas per hectare, 260 kilos per hectare cost of 562 AKz per kilogramme.
The research shows that 11 of Angola's 18 provinces produce both types of coffee (robust and Arabica), but 90% of production is robust.
Huambo and Benguela are the two provinces that are emerging in Arabica coffee production.
In 1973, Angola had 5,300 hectares of coffee, in 2017 it was of 15,415 hectares of production, more 6,000 tonnes.
Productivity in 1973 was 4,400 kg and in 2017 it was only 1,700 kg per hectare.