South Africa: Zoom Can Be Used to Negotiate Retrenchments

The Johannesburg labour court has ruled that retrenchment negotiations can take place over Zoom or other video conferencing facilities. Photo: Brian Turner via Flickr (CC BY 2.0)

The Johannesburg Labour Court has ruled that retrenchment negotiations can take place over Zoom or using other video conferencing facilities.

This was in light of the Covid-19 pandemic and the "new normal", Judge Graham Moshoana said in a judgment handed down in an urgent application brought by the Food and Allied Workers Union (FAWU) against South African Breweries (SAB).

The union claimed that the ongoing Section 189A consultation process, which began in January this year with face-to-face talks and continued using Zoom during the lockdown, was procedurally unfair.

The union decided not to participate in the finalisation of the process, which resulted in a final organogram being drafted and termination notices being issued to affected employees.

The union raised several issues, but Judge Moshoana said the Zoom issue was the one that "broke the camel's back".

He also referred to the "irony" that the union's application to the court was done via video conferencing.

"With the new normal, Zoom is an appropriate form of meetings taking place. It is a necessary tool to ensure restrictions like social distancing as a measure to avoid the spread of the virus are observed.

"There is nothing procedurally unfair if a consulting party suggests its use. The appointed facilitator, who possesses the powers to make a final and binding ruling on procedure, was not opposed to it."

The judge said in an attempt to demonstrate the inefficacy and unreliability of videoconferencing, the advocate for the union raised "an incident" when the screen of the advocate for SAB "hanged" and his connectivity to the hearing was lost for a while.

"To that I say anywhere where technology is employed, even in a physical meeting where a presentation to be made on a projector fails, teething problems are expected to emerge," he said.

This did not make the use of such technology obsolete to the point of any form of unfairness, he said.

"It is no fault of SAB that the union chose to abandon the process. During oral submissions, SAB made a without prejudice offer to continue to consult with the union on the remaining topics for consultation.

"I was willing to stand proceedings down to enable counsel to obtain instructions on this. To my utter amazement, she instantaneously informed the court that she was instructed to reject the other."

Dismissing the application, Judge Moshoana said a party could not complain about procedural unfairness if, in open court, it rejected an offer to be consulted.

Bowmans' senior associate Yonela Sicam, who represented SAB, said the case was important for employers, employees and trade unions engaging in section 189 consultation processes where, due to extraordinary circumstances, face-to-face consultations were not possible.

"It has cemented the position that a party who either frustrates or refuses to participate in the consultation process cannot lament on its procedural fairness," she said.

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