The International Air Transport Association (IATA) has called on governments in Africa and Middle East (AME) to implement testing as an alternative to quarantine measures when re-opening their economies.
IATA said 35 countries in Africa and the Middle East have government-imposed quarantine measures in place. This is an increase of seven countries since August.
The global body noted that the impact was that the region effectively remains in lockdown despite borders being open, adding that recent opinion poll showed that 88 per cent of travellers would not even consider traveling if quarantine measures were imposed on travelers at their destination.
"Mandatory quarantine measures stop people from traveling. We understand that governments' priority is on protecting the well-being of their citizens. Quarantine destroys livelihoods. Testing is an alternative method that will also save travel and tourism jobs," said IATA's Regional Vice President for Africa and the Middle East, Muhammad Albakri.
The latest IATA survey of passenger attitudes, in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) showed that 72 per cent of people surveyed agreed that those who test negative for COVID should not have to quarantine, and that 80 per cent of people feel that COVID-19 is sufficiently under control in the country to open borders.
The association said quarantines, closed borders and travel restrictions continue to decimate travel demand in Africa and the Middle East. Traffic levels in Africa and the Middle East saw the largest drop of all regions in July compared to 2019 levels. Total passenger traffic in Africa in July 2020 was 93.7 per cent below 2019 levels and in the Middle East 95.5 per cent below 2019 levels.
Aviation supported more than 6.2 million jobs and $56 billion in GDP in Africa and 2.4 million jobs and $130 billion in GDP in the Middle East pre-COVID-19.
The economic impact of the collapse in air traffic in 2020 due to COVID-19 could be 3.5 million lost jobs and $35 billion in GDP in Africa and 1.5 million lost jobs and $85 billion in GDP Middle East.
"Testing provides a safe alternative to quarantine and a solution to stop the economic and social devastation being caused by COIVID-19," said said Albakri.