Nigeria: PIB - Host Communities Demand 10% Equity Shareholding

An oil spill near farmland in K-Dere, Ogoniland (file photo).
26 January 2021

The host communities demand 10 per cent of equity shareholding because they said they bear the brunt of the negative impacts of oil exploration.

As the National Assembly begins public hearing for the Petroleum Industry Bill (PIB), the Host Communities of Nigeria Producing Oil and Gas (HOSTCOM) is demanding 10 per cent equity shareholding.

The group which said they are the host, directly impacted communities and the mouthpiece of the grass-root communities producing Oil and Gas, said it is what they deserve after 60 years of marginalisation and bearing the brunt of the negative impacts of exploration and exploitation.

The national president of the group, Benjamin Tamaranebi, made this known during his presentation at the hearing of the PIB.

The bill which was transmitted to the National Assembly last year, seeks to among other things, scrap the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) and the Petroleum Product Pricing Regulatory Agency (PPPRA).

It also proposed the creation of the Nigerian Upstream Regulatory Commission and the Nigerian Midstream and Downstream Petroleum Regulatory Authority.

The new bill also seeks to allocate 2.5 per cent of shareholding to host communities - a provision that HOSTCOM had disagreed with.

Major concerns

In his address, Mr Tamaranebi said the issue of host communities seeking entitlements from oil firms operating in their domains is very important but seems not to have been taken seriously in the new bill and even the one before it.

"Imagine a provision that was put at 10 per cent during the Seventh Assembly, reduced to five per cent during the Eighth Assembly and now further reduced to 2.5 per cent in the new bill. This to us, is unacceptable.

"As it concerns the HOSTCOM in Chapter 3, the Host Communities stand on 10 per cent equity share holding."

"It will be very absurd and economically illogical," he said, "to deprive HOSTCOM the right to equity shareholding in both the establishment of the NNPC Limited, the Commission, the Authority and the Boards".

He further proposed that the host communities should be the beneficiaries of gas flare penalty funds. This, he said, is "because these communities which are the direct recipients of the negative effects are the ones to receive the gas flare penalty".

He also faulted Part 3 of the bill which explains the establishment of the Commission where he said oil producing states and the host communities were erroneously omitted, while the federal government and the operating companies are fully captured.

More demands

For Part 4, Section 47 - 52 which seeks the establishment of the authority and 1 per cent funding for it, the stakeholder said the proposed 1 per cent would economically inflate the operating companies operational cost and would further impact on the producing states and the host communities and therefore should be expunged.

The group also asked that all appointments to the proposed National Petroleum Company (from the level of General Manager), are representatives of the six geopolitical zones and that the Company be provided with benchmarks and targets to attain.

It also urged the Presidency, Ministers of Petroleum and Finance as well as the National Assembly to allow the company operate commercially like other successful National Oil Companies without nepotism and without interference and corruption.

The hearing witnessed other similar groups who criticised aspects of the bill and also suggested possible amendments.

PREMIUM TIMES reported how some oil producing companies raised concerns on the bill and made recommendations as well.

The hearing is expected to continue on Tuesday.

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