ALGIERS-The People's National Assembly (Lower House) resulting from the next legislative polls on 12 June will inaugurate the 9th legislature, which comes in exceptional circumstances marked by the decision of the President of the Republic Abdelmadjid Tebboune to dissolute the Parliament and hold anticipated legislative polls, one year before the term expiration.
Such a move "will inject a new blood in the organs of the State and the parliament", said the Head of State.
Less than a month after this announcement, President Tebboune signed a decree convening the electorate for the legislative elections on June 12, 2021 in accordance with the Constitution, as well as an ordinance on the organic law on the electoral system.
The Head of State had previously engaged in a deep reform process, particularly the new Constitution adopted by the Algerian people in the referendum held on November 1, 2020.
The other important reform is the new law on elections that has changed the voting system radically.
The main novelty lies in Article 191 of the new law on elections, which provides that the Lower House is elected for a five-year term by open list voting with proportional representation.
The proportional representation system, which is used in many countries, allows the voter to vote for a list of candidates as well as for one or more candidates on that list. However, the voter may not vote for more than one list or for a given list and candidates from another list at the same time, or for candidates from different lists. In these cases, the ballot is null and void.
Moreover, the voters determine the winners of seats by voting for the candidates on the list. Nonetheless, the closed list system does not allow voters to change the composition and order of the list.
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The reform process has also affected the number of seats at the Lower House while taking into account the new administrative division that has increased the number of provinces from 48 to 58.
The President of the Republic has promulgated an ordinance stipulating that "the electoral district is set in accordance with the territorial limits of the province."
According to the ordinance, "the total number of seats available for election at the Lower House is set at 407, including that of the national community abroad (8 seats)."
These new provisions promise the election of a new diversified Lower House with representatives of political parties and independents.
According to Article 133 of the revised Constitution, the 9th legislature will start on the 15th day following the date of the proclamation of results by the Constitutional Court.