Nigeria: Despite Solid Mineral Abundance, Nigeria Makes Only N496 Billion in 13 Years

The sector generated N79.96 billion in 2019 while oil and gas generated N13.9 trillion the same year.

Nigeria realised a meagre N496 billion from solid minerals in 13 years despite the country's huge deposits, the Nigeria Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (NEITI) has said in its latest audit report.

The amount is what accrued to the federation as revenue between 2007 when NEITI commenced reconciliation of payments in the solid minerals sector and 2019.

Nigeria is blessed with huge deposits of solid minerals, amongst them gold, tantalite, barite, limestone, bitumen, kaolin, and topaz.

With the volume of the deposits, experts say the solid mineral sector, if well harnessed, can generate more revenue for the country and compete with the economy's mainstay, oil and gas. Oil and gas generated N13.9 trillion ($34 billion) in 2019 alone.

Wrong policies and legal encumbrances have hindered the sector from unlocking its full potentials. The sector has also been beset by illegal and corrupt activities, with operators often failing to remit revenues to the government, mining illegally, evading tax and smuggling mined products out of the country.

The NEITI report published Sunday said the sector generated just N79.96 billion in 2019 and contributed 0.26 per cent to gross domestic product that year.

Of the amount generated, states shared N5.1 billion, higher than N2.1 billion shared in 2018. The report said N1.16 billion was distributed to solid minerals producing states as 13per cent derivation.

"Nigeria's GDP in 2019 was ₦144.210 trillion with contributions from the solid minerals sector totalling ₦368.99 billion, representing 0.26 percent of the total amount," the report said.

"This shows a steady growth in the sector's contribution to the economy in the past five years, from a contribution of 0.12 percent in 2015 to 0.26 percent in 2019."

Breakdown of report

The report said of 702 companies that paid royalties to the government in 2019, only 74 companies paid ₦3 million and above.

"These 74 companies accounted for 87.63 percent of total royalties of N2.50bn paid in 2019, with the top 5 companies (Dangote Cement PLC; Lafarge PLC; Dangote Industries; Julius Berger; and Reynolds Construction) paying more than 50 percent of total royalties," the report stated.

It also disclosed that a total of 1,296 mineral permits were issued by the Mining Cadastre Office (MCO) in 2019.

The breakdown showed that Small Scale Mining Leases were the highest with 602 permits granted. This was followed by 501 and 169 for Exploration Licenses and Quarry Leases respectively, while the least figure of 24 was recorded for Mining Leases.

Volume and Exports

The 2019 audit report revealed that the total volume of minerals produced was 59.82 metric tonnes.

On exports, the report said the solid minerals sector accounted for N124.23 billion of the total government exports of N24.275 trillion for 2019, representing just 0.51 per cent of total export for the year.

To address the issue of non-payments of taxes and multiple tax identification numbers (TIN), the NEITI report recommended that the Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS) should carry out comprehensive tax audits to recover all unpaid taxes by companies and also work in collaboration with the Ministry of Mines and Steel Development (MMSD) to reconcile the multiple tax identification numbers by some companies.

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