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African Development Bank (Abidjan)

Measuring Inclusive Economic Growth in North Africa

The Arab uprisings, paradoxically, took place during a period of growth and relatively improved economic performance in the Middle East and North Africa. But was the "growth" inclusive? Acknowledging the narrow focus on growth and a failure to consider its wider ramifications can have far-reaching consequences, the African Development Bank (AfDB) has published "Measuring Inclusive Growth: From Theory to Applications in North Africa," which defines a new measurement method to evaluate the inclusiveness of growth. AfDB has also published "The Role of Nascent Entrepreneurship in Driving Inclusive Economic Growth in North Africa" - an analysis of the role of young (25-34 years) entreprenuers from low income families. More on AfDB in this BRIEFING

Photo: AfDB

During 2000-2010, the Middle East and North Africa's real GDP growth averaged around 4%-5% a year including in Tunisia, Libya and Egypt, where the mass revolts of the Arab Spring erupted. Yet, the region suffered from economic and social disparities with persistently high unemployment, particularly amongst the youth.