Future of the Western Sahel - Sahelistan or a Desert Rose?

The Sahel region of West Africa is buffeted by accelerated climate change and the spread of deserts, by the rapid growth of an increasingly youthful population, and by all the crises of extreme poverty. Accompanying those challenges is the spread of conflict within countries and across borders. France, with 4500 troops fighting violent extremists, is reassessing its role in the region after the deaths of 13 troops in Mali in November and scores of soldiers killed in Niger recently. African security studies experts produced a report by African scholars and organized a December conference in Mali to imagine the future of five beleaguered nations.

AllAfrica's reporting on peacebuilding is supported by the Carnegie Corporation of New York.

Senegalese peacekeepers are part of an emergency plan in support of the Malian authorities to protect civilians.


  • Prospects For The G5 Sahel Countries To 2040

    Institute for Security Studies
    Publication Date:
    5 December 2019

    The G5 Sahel countries - Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger - are confronted with multiple challenges. This report uses the International ... see more »

Helicopter being used as part of Operation Barkhane (file photo).

Joint forces for the G5 Sahel's Operation Barkhane, which started in 2014.

  • West Africa:   Looking for Unity in the Sahel

    Atlantic Council, 10 December 2018

    When a Tuareg rebellion started in northern Mali in early 2012, the fate of the entire Sahel region hung in the balance. In March of that year, army mutineers, unhappy with the… Read more »

The G5 Sahel HQ destroyed by a terrorist attack on 29 June 2018 in Mopti, Mali.


The G5 Sahel countries.


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