29 March 2019
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Open Society Initiative for West Africa (Dakar)

Innovating livelihood options for the planned restoration of Ogoniland Summary

The Ogoniland area of the Niger Delta region has experienced widespread contamination from petroleum hydrocarbons originating from Nigeria's active oil sector.

Following a report and recommendations published in 2011 by UNEP on the situation in Ogoniland, the Federal Government of Nigeria created the Hydrocarbon Pollution Remediation Project (HYPREP) to coordinate the restoration of Ogoniland's environment and livelihoods, although it has taken years for the clean up to commence.

It is hoped that the restoration of attractive livelihood options for young people in the region will also reduce incentives to participate in crude oil theft and artisanal refining, with the associated risks of violence, corruption, and re-pollution following environmental clean-up. SDN is leveraging its established networks and local reputation to work with young people in Ogoniland, to pilot a sustainable workers' cooperative – a business owned by it workers – which will process locally grown cassava and sell the products to local markets. The project will showcase opportunities for home-grown economic development in Ogoniland, and beyond, that can be scaled up and rolled out more widely by injecting start-up capital and training, in a manner sensitive to the priorities of each community.

The need

Many traditional livelihood opportunities have suffered as a result contamination from oil spills around the impacted communities in Ogoniland. Investment in livelihood generation is necessary to replace the livelihoods lost through pollution, and is likely to reduce incentives to participate in the artisanal oil industry, which may cause re-pollution after the HYPREP-led clean-up.

Exploring solutions

Following research carried out by SDN in 2017 that investigated the most viable livelihoods to pursue in specific regions and contexts of the Niger Delta, a feasibility study identified cassava processing as having high potential in the Ogoniland context. Cassava is a regionally widespread crop, and can be processed into popular products such as starch, garri, and flour, which has a higher value than unprocessed cassava. Currently cassava is sold at a lower value to be processed outside the region, and sold back to the growers in this region at a higher price.

SDN worked with HYPREP to select 15 young people (18-35) to benefit from this pilot, drawn from across the four Local Government Areas (LGAs), Eleme, Gokana, Khana and Tai of Ogoniland, with experience or interest in the sector, and with a good character reference.

SDN partnered with the International Institute for Tropical Agriculture (IITA) One Field Station, to train the Ogoniland project participants in building cassava processing machines, and to provide post-training support to safeguard the project's sustainability. A key advantage of partnering with IITA is that participants are skilled in building – and maintaining – the machines that their livelihood is based on, and have a stronger sense of ownership of it. If scaled up, this business model has the potential to increase the amount of cassava that can be sold, processed, and marketed locally, with the vital livelihood benefits accruing from keeping the entire value-chain within Ogoniland.

Stakeholder Democracy Network (SDN)

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