Govt Sweeping Illegal Sand Mining Under the Rug in Uganda

Sand mining in the rural districts of Masaka, Wakiso, Kalungu, Gomba and Mpigi around Lake Victoria is informal and despite periodic condemnation by top state officials, including president Yoweri Museveni, government oversight is inadequate. This inaction has enabled the cartels to establish either irregularly licensed or unlicensed operations. Regulating the industry is also complex with gaps in Uganda's laws limiting the country's ability to regulate sand extraction, writes Mohamed Daghar for the Institute for Security Studies. Extraction in rivers and beaches has increased pollution and flooding, lowered groundwater levels, hurt marine life, and exacerbated the occurrence and severity of landslides and drought across the globe, according to the UN's Environment Programme.

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